Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Modern Approach in Humanities.
Year: 2018 | Page No:90-96
Islamism and Identity Crisis
Dr Driss Bouyahya
Historically, Islam has always served as a vehicle for the expression of socio-political and economic dissent, particularly in times of crisis. Muslims have been exposed to a variety of ideologies over the past century. The colonial period introduced certain Western values but did not truly provide Muslims with experience in genuine capitalist or liberal democratic governance. More important, these ideologies never represented the independent and conscious choice of the population, nor were they widely internalized. This paper draws on aspects from the role of political Islam in countering both the post-colonial and globalization discourses. Besides, it sheds light on how Islam has become a central point of reference for a wide range of political activities, arguments and opposition movements. Finally, this paper provides an in-depth scrutiny and the deconstruction of what political Islam is because power and politics in political Islam are so aberrant and drastically evolving that a research can barely delimit political Islam or Islamism. In the last few decades, the role of religion in international affairs has become more prominent, and has attracted the academy’s and the public’s attention. Religion never went away, and it was never privatized. Only the historically exceptional French model of privatization led us think religion is excluded from the public square. I believe the claims that God is back is merely to refer to the coming back of religion as a social problem.
Key words: Political Islam, Resurrection, Revival, Islamization, Reform, Renewal.