Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Modern Approach in Humanities.
Year: 2018 | Page No:21-56
The Reasons of the Ayyubids’ Resistance against Philosophy and Its Implications on the Culture of the Era
Jehad Suleiman Al Masri
The research aims to show the resistance of Ayyubids against philosophy through several sections: reasons of resistance by Mulūk Banī Ayyūb against philosophy, attitudes of scholars of the era towards philosophy, means and methods taken by rulers of Banī Ayyūb, their Umarā’ and jurists to resist philosophy, results that affected philosophy and those who engaged in it due to the negative and hostile attitude taken by Banī Ayyūb, reasons and outcomes of the emergent recovery of philosophy by the ruler of Al-Karak, Al-Malik Al-Nāṣir Dāwoud and the repercussions of the negative attitude towards philosophy and those who engaged in it on the culture of the era. The researcher used the historical analytical approach to discuss the opinions and views of Sunnī Arab scholars who defended the attitude of the rulers of Banī Ayyūb towards the philosophers and the Shiite Persian scholars who criticized their negative attitude. The Shiite Persian scholars considered such attitude was against their ideology because most of the philosophers of the era of were Shiites Persians. The researcher showed a number of historical Arabic, Persian and European references that dealt with this topic in order to interpret and approach logical and historical facts. This study concluded several outcomes that fall under the central result that the ruler of Banī Ayyūb fought the philosophy because it was among the sciences that relied on the ideology of Fatimid Ismā’īlī ancestors and therefore, they feared that it would become as a weapon to revive Fatimid Ismā’īlī thought after they made efforts to eradicate it.
Keywords: Philosophy , Ayyubids , Fatimids, Ismā’īlī ideology , Sunnī ideology.