Proceedings of The 5th World Conference on Future of Education
The Historical Context of the Beginning of the 20th Century and the Spread of Demoticism in Greece
Dr. Stella Chantzi
The present paper refers to the Political & Social reality in Greece in the early 20th century in association with the creation of the Demoticist movement in Greece. At the beginning of the 20th century, Greek scholars raised questions pertaining to the Greek culture as well as the Greek language. Language was presented as a means of reforming the nation and a reflection of the bigotry of the time. Various historical events took place and within this context the bourgeoisie, which was led by E. Venizelos, prevailed. At the same time, among the intellectuals, two main opposing tendencies collide: the modernist and the traditional, with the spearhead of language creating the language issue. At this juncture, the demoticist movement is taking formed aiming at linguistic renaissance as a precondition for the wider national renaissance. There are also views of scholars of the time and scholars on the period of Demoticism and its importance.
keywords: Language Issue, Demoticist Movement, Greek Language, Social & Political Reality, Philosophers