The Collapse of the Real and the Fatality of the Subject in Baudrillard’s Philosophical Thought

Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences

Year: 2022



The Collapse of the Real and the Fatality of the Subject in Baudrillard’s Philosophical Thought

Ledian Rusta



Budrillard’s thought constitutes a particular philosophical perspective on the postmodern era. The methodology used in this paper is based on the text analysis of some of Baudrillard’s major works. From this perspective, a particular vision for the establishment of a new philosophical critique will be presented. Many of the previous philosophical theories do not correspond to today’s reality based on the world of signs and virtuality and are therefore considered not actual. Consequently, traditional philosophical critiques are incapable of understanding and providing ideas for analyzing social reality. Baudrillard addresses a conception about the reality that is in the possession of objects. The subject has died giving way to the logic of the system of objects based on a virtual and simulated reality. Faced with this situation, a new condition of thought is needed to address criticism of the system.

Today, reality has been transformed into a hyperreality where the differences and dialectics of reality are indistinguishable. Everything is a simulation that produces infinitely the same sign and code. The subject does not possess the power to rule and understand reality as it is determined by the particular logic of objects: repetition and simulation. This conclusion pushes Baudrillard into an ontological fatality and pessimism where there is no social resistance. It seems that reality has fallen into a spiral that repeats and multiplies the simulated signs. Therefore, Baudrillard’s attempt should be read as a tendency to definitively deny the illusion of an emancipatory critique and the hope for a social revolution.

keywords: critique, code, sign, simulation, virtuality .