External and Internal Factors Influencing the Adoption of Post-Quantum Cryptography in Companies

Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences and Humanities

Year: 2022



External and Internal Factors Influencing the Adoption of Post-Quantum Cryptography in Companies

Paulina Schindler, Johannes Ruhland



Quantum computers are on the rise. Their code-breaking capabilities can pose threats to companies’ data security. To counteract this, they should implement quantum computer-secure cryptography measures as soon as possible. In this regard, post-quantum cryptography measures are likely to be more accessible to many. While deciding on establishing such a new technology in a company, external and internal factors can have an influence. These were sought by means of a literature analysis to help companies with the transition in the future. Three key external influencing factors are customers, government and other companies. While customers mainly trigger pressure through their demand, the government can exert influence through legal regulations or even incentives. Other companies can act as supporters in the joint exploitation of an unknown technology through the exchange of expertise or as motivators to develop a relative advantage over the competition, although competition can also hinder adoption. Three key internal influencing factors are employees, general internal knowledge and management. The expertise of employees in the company or in the market in general can influence successful technology adoption. Internal knowledge and development structures and knowledge built up within the company also have an influence. Another key factor is management, whose attitude can both drive and hinder successful technology adoption. Based on these findings, further investigations, such as the construction of a simulation program, can be carried out in order to support companies in the adoption of quantum computer secure cryptography methods in the future.

keywords: quantum computing, customers, government, competition, technology adoption.