Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Research in Humanities and Social Sciences
Liberty and Democracy: Crossed and Intertwined Paths
Ana Júlia Soares de Campos
This article seeks to analyze freedom in the capitalist and in the socialist systems in view of the role of the State, politics, and education as instruments for the construction of a democracy. In this sense, two countries are considered: Brazil and Cuba. These are Latin America countries that are peripheral, have similarities in their history, and have different economic systems. The critical analysis is mainly based on the work Psychopolitics – Neoliberalism and the new techniques of power by South Korean author Byung-Chul Han, and in the work Cuba in the 21st century: Dilemmas of the revolution, which is the result of a research carried out by professors and students at the Federal University of São Paulo. Thus, it is noted that democracy in Brazil has great challenges to solidify itself, as it is based on the logic of individual freedom, whereas Cuba, due to the principles established by the Revolution, manages to promote freedom under a collective perspective.
keywords: capitalism; democracy; liberty; political education; socialism.