Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Research in Education
Relationship between Motivational Constructs and Educational Outcomes in Engineering Education for College Students: A Review of Literature
Lilian Naa Obiorkor Tetteh
In this study, I conducted a comprehensive review of literature that is centered on the impact of motivational constructs on the performance of Latino and African American women in engineering. It was uncovered that these categories of the engineering student population do not report stable levels of outcome expectations during their studies. Higher levels of self-efficacy were found to have a positive impact on their academic performance and retention; however, it was realized that their engineering efficacy and confidence levels were very high in traditional institutions that usually serve people that identify with their racial category. Whilst lack of inclusion and isolation were identified as depressors of self-efficacy, we recommend that these challenges can be addressed through systematic efforts that aims at promoting inclusion and diversity on university and college campuses.
keywords: academic performance, African American women, ethnic minorities, Latino women, retention.