Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Future of Teaching and Education
The Impact of Teaching Techniques on Achieving Thinking Competence in Kosovo Primary Schools: A mixed Research
Hatixhe Ismajli and Anemone Kurshumlija
Teaching techniques ensure the active participation of students in learning tasks and activities that stimulate the achievement of thinking competence. This research aims to explore/analyze the impact of teaching techniques that create opportunities for the development of the competence “critical thinking student”. The research also aims to identify teachers’ attitudes about the effects of teaching techniques on the development of thinking competence in the subject of mathematics. The mixed approach was used in the research while the research method was quasi-experimental design. The number of research subjects were 68 students (fourth grade) of the primary school in Kosovo consisting of 33 students in the experimental group and 35 students in the control group. Data were collected through pre-test, post-test, and semi-structured interviews with 5 primary school teachers. The findings of the study show that: (1) there is a significant difference in the use of teaching techniques in mathematics in achieving thinking competence, (2) the techniques used in the experimental group enabled students to complete the tasks justifying the solution and (3) stimulated the student’s thinking to explore through different situations, which require high levels of classification and analysis, eventually leading to the development of a large number of thinking skills. Inclusion of teaching techniques in the accompanying curriculum documents related to the subject of mathematics, but also to other subjects, providing training for teachers in the service on how to use teaching techniques that develop thinking competence are some of the recommendations to overcome current challenges in achieving thinking competence.
keywords: thinking competence; teaching techniques; critical thinking; creative thinking; mathematic subject.