Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Advanced Research in Social Sciences
Questioning Eugenics and the dignity of the Human Person in the age of Technology
Ephraim Ibekwe Udochukwu
The field of biomedical science has offered the modern man more options to choose from, than ever before, about what their future children will be or look like. Today, embryo selection techniques, for instance, has availed most people the power to choose the sex of their child, to avoid the birth of a child with a disability, or even to choose deliberately to create a disabled child. With new biotechnological tools emerging daily, many people deem parents personally and socially responsible for the results of their choosing to bear children, i.e. all tests should be done, and parents are responsible for only “keeping” healthy children. Some fear parents may soon be left to their own devices if they have children who require extra time and social spending. As with other discoveries in the area of genetic engineering, such possibilities raise important ethical issues – questions about which of these choices, are morally permissible or morally wrong. Hence, the preoccupation of this article is to understand the extent to which the questions that Eugenics posit on the human person can be answered with keen clarity. With an analytical posture, this article while not deriding the impact of biotechnology and the medical sciences, argues for Human dignity in its strictest consideration.