Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on New Findings On Humanities and Social Sciences
Neutralism policy and non-alignment foreign policy Challenges analysis of Sri Lanka: during the post-war period in Sri Lanka
P.K.B. Isuru Premarathna
Foreign policy and foreign policy components directly influence the success of the national aspirations of the state. This research explores the independence of Sri Lanka’s national and international foreign policy from foreign principles and the role of foreign policy in Sri Lanka after the end of the thirty decades of war, and a research point of view on neutrality and non-aligned foreign policy. The main objectives of the research are to identify the challenges of Sri Lanka’s foreign policy in the post-war period in Sri Lanka and to study the positive and negative aspects of neutral and non-alignment policy. Data triangulation method has been used to accumulate secondary data from multiple sources available in the electronic and printed form including books, journals, web, reports, historical records, and treaties. Qualitative content analysis has been used since this is a documentary analysis and Content analysis evaluate document texts and to test theoretical relevance to understanding data more comprehensively and scientifically. It will test prevailing theories in different contexts when compare the categories of different settings. Sri Lanka’s foreign policy can be established as a neutral policy. And the neutral policy has taken on a dual nature. There is a policy of neutrality in war camps and a policy of friendly and non- alignment relations with states in foreign relations. Economic relations were the driving force of foreign policy during the post-war period in Sri Lanka. According to the research, human rights, maritime security strategies, and geopolitical challenges can be identified as the main positive and negative challenges of Sri Lanka’s foreign policy in the post-war period. And other foreign policy problems are in bilateral and multilateral foreign policy can also accountability, the peace process, anti-terrorism laws for disarmament, and the propensity for human rights.
Keywords: Neutralism policy, non-alignment, foreign policy Challenges, Sri Lanka, post-war.