Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Advanced Research in Education
Thai University Students’ Use of Language Learning Strategies in the Digital Age
The purposes of the present study were: 1) To investigate the frequency of the uses of language learning strategies employed by English majors studying at public universities in the northeast of Thailand; 2) to explore the underlying factors of the selection of strategies reported to be employed by the English majors; and 3) to explore why they reported employing certain strategies of varying frequencies.
The participants were 579 English majors studying at 6 public universities in the northeast of Thailand. The tools to gather the data were a background information questionnaire, LLS questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. A selective sample of 30 participants took part in the semi-structured interview. Descriptive Statistics and factor analysis were performed for the quantitative data analysis. Content analysis and thematic analysis were used to analyze the qualitative data.
The quantitative results showed that the students reported moderate frequency of use at the overall and category levels. At the individual level, 6 strategies were reportedly used at a high frequency, 37 strategies were reportedly used at a moderate frequency, and 2 strategies were used infrequently if at all. The results of factor analysis indicated that 4 underlying factors were extracted in their LLS use. The qualitative results revealed that 16 reasons can be ascertained for the frequent use of certain strategies, and 3 reasons for infrequently used strategies.
keywords: Language learning strategies, Language learning strategy use, Language learning employment, University students, Undergraduate students.