Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urban Planning Elites
Has Land Sharing Achieved Its Objective To Maintain The Poor In Inner City?
This research aims to explain and analyze to what extent social and physical capital influence the decision of original households in Land Sharing project to remain living on the same site, as it is one of the main objectives of land Sharing concept. Qualitative explanatory case study research design was conducted in four case studies in inner Bangkok through multi-sources data. This study extracted participants’ opinion to remain on-site using the semi-structured in-depth interview. Besides, practitioners and academic scholars were interviewed; secondary data were also used to triangulate the data sources. Furthermore, an open site observation was adopted to collect data on physical attributes of case studies.
The study reveals that Land Sharing scheme can maintain the urban poor in the inner city to some extent. Not all original households stayed in the same project after more than 20 years of implementation. Reasons that influenced them to stay to achieve their livelihood goal were not only physical capital and social capital, but they also combined all livelihood assets. To what extent each asset influenced the decision to stay, relations among each asset, discussion, and suggestion for policymaker and practitioner were also discussed in this study.
Keywords: Land Sharing, On-site Slum Upgrading, Livelihood Assets, Urban Poor, Urban Development.