Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Water Resources Development in Thailand
Siriprapha Jitanugoon, Pittinun Puntha, and Po-Chih Lee
It is estimated that more than half the world’s wetlands have disappeared. Agriculture consumes more water than any other source and wastes much of that through inefficiencies. Climate change is altering patterns of weather around the world, causing water shortages and droughts in some areas and floods in others. Water is a renewable resource that is necessary to life. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, service, household, recreational and environmental activities. All living things require water to grow and reproduce. The government of Thailand now intends to promote a knowledge-based economy for increasing GDP per capita to a high level. Due to climate change, unbalance water uses in the economy, and political factor, Thailand is currently facing its worst drought problems in 40 years. The government of Thailand needs to develop strategies to properly manage water resources in order to ensure freshwater supply for domestic usage in all areas. Water management strategic plans have been emphasized in water demand, supply, reservoir management, reduction of water loss, and finding new freshwater sources.
Keywords: Climate, Desalination, Fresh Water, Mekong River, Water Management.