Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Social Sciences in the 21st Century
The Relationship between Sexting and Gender Roles in High School Students
Kristina Sesar, Arta Dodaj, Krešimir Prijatelj, Tihana Novak, Marija Ćorić, Ivana Crnjac
The purpose of this study was to examine the sexting behaviors of surveyed participants through the lens of masculinity and femininity. A total of 352 high school students (264 girls, 88 boys; 14-20 years old) from Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as Croatia completed the Sexting Behaviors and Motives Questionnaire (SBM-Q) and the Traditional Masculinity-Femininity Scale (TMF). Data were collected online. Regarding the prevalence of sexting, 54.0% of high school students reported sexting during the analyzed school period: 32.0% had sent sexts, 48.3% had received sexts, and 45.5% had forwarded sexts. There were no statistically significant differences in sexting behavior by gender. A higher percentage of girls were classified as feminine and a higher percentage of boys were classified as masculine. The types of sexting (sending, receiving, and forwarding) significantly correlated with masculinity/femininity scores for female participants. Girls classified as feminine were more likely to participate in sexting than those classified as masculine. However, there were no significant correlations between types of sexting and masculinity/femininity scores for male participants. Students in the masculine group had the highest scores for sending sexts compared to the neutral and feminine groups. Overall, our results suggest that a relationship exists between sexting behavior and masculinity/femininity. Accounting for masculinity/femininity in sexting behavior probably contributes to a better understanding of sexting.
keywords: sexting, gender role, masculinity, femininity, high school students.