Women’s Emotional Experience to Covid 19 Social Constraints Influenced By Loneliness Feelings, Optimism and Negative Expectations

Proceedings of ‏The 4th International Conference on Research in Humanities and Social Sciences

Year: 2021

DOI:

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Women’s Emotional Experience to Covid 19 Social Constraints Influenced By Loneliness Feelings, Optimism and Negative Expectations

Ognyan Koychev and Liliya Babakova

 

ABSTRACT: 

The aim of the online study is to explore the effect of feelings of loneliness, optimism and negative expectations on negative emotional experience during a pandemic. 290 women from 20 to 75 years of age were examined. Toolkit: (1) author’s questionnaire consisting of four subscales: negative emotional experience related to welfare certainty , negative emotional experience related to health, negative emotional experience related to personal control over the situation  and negative emotional experience related to family relationships (Койчев & Бабакова, 2020); (2) an adapted version of the scale for social and emotional loneliness for adults (SELSA-S; DiTommaso et al., 2004) and (3) a scale for optimism and negative expectations (Величков & Радославова, 2005). Applying linear regression analysis it was found that the negative expectations have the strongest effect on the negative emotional experience related to welfare certainty (β = 0.256; p≤0.001). Health effects are influenced by social loneliness (β = 0.204; p = 0.004) in combination with negative expectations (β = 0.206; p = 0.001). The emotional experience connected with family relations is influenced by the feeling of emotional loneliness (β = 0.312; p = 0.001) combined with negative expectations (β = 0.133; p = 0.023). The female negative expectations reveal to be a good predictor for the negative emotional experience related to personal control over the situation (β = 0.232; p = 0.001). Тhe negative expectations combined with emotional loneliness impose higher influence on the personal control over the situation of women over 35 years(β = 0.607; p = 0.001).

Keywords: loneliness, optimism, negative expectations, emotional experience, pandemic social constraints.