Proceedings of The 4th International Academic Conference on Humanities and Social Sciences
Comparing the Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral (CBT) Religious- Based Therapy, and Treatment-Based Admission and Commitment (ACT) on Resilience, Inefficient Attitude, and Coping Styles of Women with MS in Tehran
The present study compares the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral (CBT) religious- based therapy, and treatment-based admission and commitment (ACT) on resilience, inefficient attitude, and coping styles of women with MS in Tehran. The research methodology was an experimental research method with pre-test and post-test designs. The statistical population included all women referring to Kahrizak outpatient department with MS, low resilience, and ineffective coping styles in 2017. The statistical sample consisted of two experimental groups (15 people each) and a control group (15 people) selected by targeted sampling and two experimental groups received cognitive-behavioral religious-based therapy and treatment-based admission and commitment. The control group did not receive any intervention. Research instruments included the Lazarus and Fleckmann coping styles scale, and the Connor and Davidson resilience scale. The results of multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) show a significant effect of both treatments on increasing resilience (P = 0.0001 and F = 20.61) and problem-oriented coping styles (P = 0.0001 and F=55/571) in women with MS. According to the results, cognitive-behavioral religious-based therapy (CBT) was more effective than treatment-based admission and commitment (ACT) on resilience and problem-oriented coping styles. But no difference was seen in relation to the emotion-oriented coping style variable.
Keywords: Cognitive-Behavioral Religious-Based Therapy (CBT), Treatment-Based Admission and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Resilience, Problem-Oriented and Emotion-Oriented Coping Styles.