Culturalization And Democratization Of Scientific Research Perspective In Feyerabend’s Epistemology

Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Future of Social Sciences and Humanities

Year: 2022

DOI:

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Culturalization And Democratization Of Scientific Research Perspective In Feyerabend’s Epistemology

Ledian Rusta

 

ABSTRACT: 

Feyerabend’s thought constitutes a particular perspective in epistemology. The methodology used in this paper is based on the text analysis of some of Feyerabend’s major works. From this aspect, a particular vision for the construction of a new critical epistemology will be presented. As the basis of criticism in the conception of science throughout tradition, Feyerabend cites many examples of the history and practice of scientific research. Under the influence of postmodernism, he describes science as a local narrative of knowledge which does not appear superior to other narratives (myth, religion, philosophy, etc.). Like any knowledge it represents a unique cultural form, based on different historical traditions under the influence of numerous methodologies and extra-scientific elements. Under this methodological pluralism, Feyerabend appeals for a democratization of science, away from rationalist dogmatism, consistent with the free and critical spirit that democratic societies cultivate. On the other hand, the proliferation of scientific methodologies and the construction of science as an open form of debate with cultures and other forms of knowledge, enables the most efficient solution of scientific problems. The democratization of science as Feyerabend’s appeal, implies not only criticism of the mythical and common conceptions about science, but also the moment of a civic responsibility and ethics. Far from closed scientism and the power of scientific experts, science as a particular mode of solving human problems requires the participation of all citizens not only to publicly supervise but also to make a real contribution to scientific research expertise.

keywords: culturalization; democratization; metodology; plurality; science.