Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference on Research in Humanities
The Peace Diplomacy, Negotiation and National Security issues in Sri Lanka (2002-2009)
P.K.B. Isuru Premarathna
There are threats to national security on the devastation caused by terrorist conflicts. Conflict over the 2002 ceasefire agreement between the government between the government of Sri Lanka and the LTTE and the subsequent failed peace process has been exacerbated during the civil war. The conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) lasted close to 30 years and is one of the longest civil wars in Asia. The Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) that was contracted in February 2002 and the peace process that it ushered in was the result of a number of components. As mentioned by many commentators the peace process emerged out of a mutually hurting stalemate as neither the religious doctrine, nor the LTTE was able to make a strategic victory over the other and found themselves in a precarious politico-economic state of affairs. The main objective of this research is to study the issues pertaining to Sri Lanka’s diplomatic negotiations, peace, diplomatic negotiations during the civil war and its impact of the Sri Lanka civil war and to study the problematic points of diplomatic peace talks and the peace process during 2002 and 2009. The data triangulation method was used to gather secondary data from multiple electronic and print sources, including books, journals, the Web, reports, historical documents and treaties. Qualitative content analysis was used as a literature review and content analysis assesses the texts of the documents and tests the theoretical relevance for a more complete and scientific understanding of the data. It will test dominant theories in different contexts by comparing categories for different parameters. According to the research, the international impact on the peace diplomacy process in Sri Lanka is significant. Research can confirm national security dilemmas and security strategy issues, the impact of diplomatic peace talks and the strengths and weaknesses of the ceasefire agreement. Also, the ongoing political conflicts have affected the maintenance of peace and national security. The negative response to the political conflict and the negative impact of diplomacy and the media have had a direct and indirect effect on national security and peace.
Keywords: The peace diplomacy, negotiation, national security issues, Sri Lankan Civil War.