Proceedings of The The 3rd International Academic Conference on Humanities and Social Sciences
Democratization of China
Wen Long Yu
This paper hopes to provide a historical panorama of China’s democratization process, describe the historical background of on-going process of China’s democratization and its ups and downs, analyze and explore its origin, development, stagnation and even retrogression. This process of democratization is also a social movement, even a social revolution, aiming at changing China’s current political system. Therefore, it uses the political opportunity theory derived from the West academia to interpret it. This paper explores central problems in political opportunity theory and explores the implications of adopting political opportunities for explaining the emergence, development, and influence of protest movements and emphasizes the decisive influence and role to the emergence of political opportunities on success or failure. As political opportunity theory interprets social movements more in open society, while China is a closed society and a significant difference emerges, therefore, the traditional Chinese theory of “right time, right place with right people” is introduced to analyze the feasibility of the ultimate goal of China’s political change expected to be achieved by the Chinese democracy movement. The paper concludes the ultimate success depends on the arrival of political opportunity, tianshi which is coming on the horizon, but the tough reality would be that the chance is very slim for China to rebuild a united and constitutional democracy with all ethnic minorities remaining when the CCP is no more.
Keywords: China; democratization; political change; political opportunity; society.