Proceedings of The 2nd world conference on Future of Education
Health Training for Parents in the Fight against Passive Smoking
Tanya Popova, Ivanka Stambolova, Milena Iantcheva-Stoycheva and Petya Trendafilova
Health education and training are top priorities in health promotion and can be used as a tool to prevent risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The aim of the paper is to study and analyze passive smoking in childhood and to justify the need for health education for parents. Historical, documentary method, sociological method, statistical methods and method for graphical analysis of the results are used. The study was conducted among 802 parents of children aged 3 to 12 years. The analysis of the data shows that in 17.0% of children smoking begins in utero, and in 12.0% it continues during breastfeeding and establishes a statistically significant relationship between smoking during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Parents are not well informed about the risks of secondhand smoke. Turning children into passive smokers can trigger a number of health problems, including cardiovascular problems at some point in a child’s life. There is a need for health education on issues related to passive smoking in children, as we believe that if parents are aware of future health risks, properly and well informed about the consequences, both in the early stages of the child’s life and in the future, they would not allow themselves to expose their child to passive smoking, or at least many of them would reduce this risk.
Keywords: health education; necessity; cardiovascular diseases; prevention; children.