The Translation Model Based on Sentential Primitives

Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Research in Social Sciences

Year: 2019


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The Translation Model Based on Sentential Primitives

Liana Lortkipanidze, Nino Amirezashvili, George Chikoidze and Nino Javashvili



The main problem of language modelling is the meaning of the utterance, which is the ultimate goal of one of the directions of language model functioning (analysis) and the starting point for its opposite direction (synthesis). The paper suggests one of the options of the problem solution. In particular, dividing sentences into the set of (quasi)-synonymous “sentential primitives” and on the basis of the “primitives”, building such a structure, which reflects the appropriate content of this set quite transparently. Determination of the estimated set of primitives should be based on the search of the constituents according to their characteristics, particularly, to their syntactic properties. Verbs and their dominant role in sentences are considered according to “multilevel” syntax. By this theory, a primitive is a central component (core) of the layered structure, which is “surrounded” by the periphery i.e. traditional adverbs. The central component itself involves the verb and its actants. At the same time, internal relations of primitives, i.e. dependencies of actants on the predicates and peripheries on central structures are defined by the semantic roles. Such approach to language content conveys the meaning of the utterance through the sentential primitives where the primitives are the language units. In the frame of the presentation, we will offer a translation model, which is simplified to the level of primitives. For testing the model, Georgian-English parallel corpus will be used.

Keywords: language; modelling; meaning; semantics; utterance.