A Composite Hybrid Feature Selection Learning-Based Optimization of Genetic Algorithm For Breast Cancer Detection

Proceedings of ‏The 2nd International Conference on Advanced Research in Applied Science and Engineering

Year: 2020

DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33422/2nd.rase.2020.03.99

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A Composite Hybrid Feature Selection Learning-Based Optimization of Genetic Algorithm For Breast Cancer Detection

Ahmed Abdullah Farid, , Gamal Ibrahim Selim and Hatem A. Khater



 Breast cancer is a significant health issue across the world. Breast cancer is the most widely-diagnosed cancer in women; early-stage diagnosis of disease and therapies increase patient safety. This paper proposes a synthetic model set of features focused on the optimization of the genetic algorithm (CHFS-BOGA) to forecast breast cancer. This hybrid feature selection approach combines the advantages of three filter feature selection approaches with an optimize Genetic Algorithm (OGA) to select the best features to ‎improve the performance of the classification process and scalability. We propose OGA by improving the initial population generating and genetic operators using the results of filter approaches as some prior information with using the C4.5 decision tree classifier as a fitness function instead of probability and random selection. The authors collected available updated data from Wisconsin UCI machine learning with a total of 569 rows and 32 columns. The dataset evaluated using an explorer ‎set of weka data mining open-source software for the analysis purpose. The results show that the proposed hybrid feature selection approach significantly outperforms the single filter approaches and ‎principal component analysis (PCA) for optimum feature selection. These characteristics are good indicators for the return prediction. The highest accuracy achieved with the proposed system before (CHFS-BOGA) using the support vector machine (SVM) classifiers was 97.3%. The highest accuracy after (CHFS-BOGA-SVM) was 98.25% on split 70.0% train, remainder test, and 100% on the full training set. Moreover, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was equal to 1.0. The results showed that the proposed (CHFS-BOGA-SVM) system was able to accurately classify the type of breast tumor, whether malignant or benign.

Keywords: Data Mining; Breast Cancer; Hybrid Feature Selection; Machine learning; Support Vector Machine; Optimize Genetic Algorithm, boosting algorithms.