Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Modern Research in Science, Engineering and Technology
Identifying Standards and Codes for Facades Design for Buildings of Al Baha Region with Architectural Identity That is Quoted from its Heritage and Historical Structures
The conservation of AL Baha region’s image via implementing coded architectural identity to its buildings’ facades is a critical sustainable practice. It will assist Al Baha city council to enhance the region’s image to the point of producing powerful feelings and clear in the mind as well as worth remembering to the city dwellers and visitors because of being aesthetically pleasing. This research aims to produce synthesised guidelines and stipulations for the approved, from Al Baha city council, design of a given building façade to be constructed within Al Baha region. Architectural façade elements have been quoted from four distinguished heritage and historical structures locating in Al Baha region, namely The Ain Ancient Village, Bin Rogosh Historical Palace, Al dhafeer Historical Village, and Al Atawilah Ancient Village in order to formulate a newly specified criterion–façade imagibility- and demonstrates its potential value as a guide for Al Baha region new and retrofitted buildings. The excerpt of these architectural elements have been adopted, redesigned according to modern methods that satisfy a building requirements from the aspects of: aesthetic appearance, façade construction systems, economy, climate interaction, mitigating energy consumption, day lighting and energy production. Each architectural element has undergone a comprehensive analysis that described its dimensions, ratios, window to wall ratio (WWR), daylight factor and illuminance level, air inlet and outlet, thermal comfort and possible integration to semi-transparent photovoltaics. The study presents a virtual theme of a potential façade of Al Baha city when the proposed guidelines are in effect as well as results of modelling of thermal and visual comfort. The PV electricity output was calculated from each transparency level under the two condition, summer and winter. The predicted flow patterns, temperature distribution and the daylight factors in the room have been used to determine the most appropriate opening locations, sizes and system specifications for maintaining a comfortable indoor environment.
Keywords: Comfort; Elements; Energy; Façade; Identity.