Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Teaching, Learning, and Education
Students Tasks and Experiments with Pendulum
Jan Janouch and Stepan Major
Most students and pupils are still educated in classes based on frontal teaching. Analyses of effectiveness of teaching methods show clearly that learning based on frontal approach is not so effective as approach based on the combination of problem based learning and project based learning. In this paper are discussed problems connected to the pendulum, different types of experiments for both: high school students and younger pupils. These experiments are practical part of problems solved by students and allow them obtain skills to solve specific types of problems and at the same time they will learn some new information from physics. The student projects are based on idea that most effective method for teaching sciences is independent work of students, which are self-inventing natural phenomenon or laws. That in this case students will be able to acquire a deeper knowledge through active exploration of real-world challenges and problems. The problems and experiments realized by students are technically undemanding experiments financially unpretentious. Experience shows that pupils under the age of 15 are able to discover themselves and thus an abstract thing as a method of determining the moment of inertia of a complex body.
Keywords: project base learning; problem base learning; pendulum; physics; frontal education.