Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences in the 21st Century
Leadership Style Behind Innovative Culture: Social Capital and Innovative Team Climate
Dóra Klajkó, Szilvia Kázmér, Mayer and Andrea Czibor
To stay competitive, enterprises must innovate continuously (Li & Zheng, 2014), especially in the fast-growing industries. An innovative organizational culture is both flexible and has an internal atmosphere that can speed up information exchange and respond to new opportunities quickly (Urbancova, 2013). Enterprises need an innovation-friendly atmosphere that inspires creativity and promotes modernization (Li & Zheng, 2014; Tsai, Horng, Liu, & Hu, 2015). Also, they should be aware of how to build an innovative corporate culture. and what factors affect a trustworthy and creative atmosphere. Leadership style and organizational culture seem to be the most critical influences on corporate innovation (Li & Zheng, 2014; Noruzy, Dalfard, Azhdari, Nazari-Shirkouhi, & Rezazadeh, 2013) both in private and public sectors. Our research aims to examine the relationship between perceived leadership style (charismatic, ethical, transformational, authentic) and organizational culture (team, adhocracy, market and hierarchy by Cameron and Quinn, 2002) and their impact on workplace social capital (COPSOQ II, Kristensen et al., 2005; Berthelsen et al., 2016) and innovative group atmosphere (TCI, Kivimäki and Elovainio, 1999).We examined employees from different Hungarian companies with an anonymous online questionnaire, measuring demographic variables, leadership-style, workplace social capital, organizational culture, innovation and team climate.Results highlight the relationship between leadership style and organizational culture. Based on our analyses, different leadership styles were connected to different patterns of innovative team climate and social capital.This paper highlights the relationship between leadership style and innovation atmosphere in enterprises. Results suggest that trust, social capital and organizational culture play a crucial role in developing an innovative culture.
Keywords: leadership style, organizational culture, innovation, social capital, trust.