Composite alginate microparticles for controlled drug release

Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Modern Research in Engineering, Technology and Science

Year: 2019


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Composite alginate microparticles for controlled drug release

A. Hubatová-Vacková, Denisa Lizoňová, A. Pittermannová, V. Tokárová, O. Kašpar and F. Štěpánek



Microparticles introduced in this work are made of hydrophilic polymers with the ability to incorporate various functional components such as magnetic nanoparticles, liposomes, or enzymes [1, 2]. Microfluidics allows us to fabricate such microparticles in sizes comparable to blood cells, which makes them suitable for drug delivery [3]. The advantage is that these microparticles can be used as tiny chemical or biochemical reactors to locally produce and release pharmaceutically active substances, which are highly reactive or unstable, and therefore cannot be delivered using conventional drug formulations. Another advantage of such system is the possibility of active targeting using surface modification by specific ligands. The goal of this project was to prepare, test and analyse alginate particles, starting by encapsulating a model fluorescent dye and aiming to prepare microparticles able to deliver an antimicrobial compound. Therefore, the methods of preparation of hydrogel microparticles, more specifically microfluidics and microencapsulation, as well as the encapsulation of active compounds within liposomes will be presented in this work. Methods of controlled release are studied, in particular the delivery of doxycycline and the on-demand production of resorufin by the reaction of resazurin with ascorbic acid.

Keywords: : chemical robot; microfluidics; microparticle synthesis; surface modification; targeted drug delivery.