Industry 4.0 and Applications in Turkey

Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Advanced Research in Business, Management and Economics

Year: 2019


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Industry 4.0 and Applications in Turkey

Celal Hakan Kagnicioglu



The Industrial Revolution, which led to socioeconomic and cultural changes in the world, took place over a long period of time. From this point of view, it is possible to talk about three different industrial revolutions which have quite different structures and effects. With the influence of factors such as cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Objects and Services and  innovations have begun the Fourth Industry Revolution, which we are in these days. Industry 4.0, a vision of the future, opens a door to product development, communication of production and service processes, the exchange of real-time information on machines and products, autonomous control and optimization in all software and hardware equipments.Although the concept of Industry 4.0 is now considered primarily for many firms, research centers and universities, there is no generally accepted definition of this idea. For this reason, there are not many publications that discuss this concept at academic level. The current literature describes the basic principles and structure of the Industry 4.0 concept and provides information on the potential effects that will arise if the Industry 4.0 transition period is completed. In this study, the definition and structure of the Industry 4.0 is explained in detail. The difficulties and risks that can be encountered during the transition phase of Industry 4.0 are also identified. This study includes various examples of Industry 4.0 applications in the world and also includes applications in pilot sectors in Turkey.

Keywords: autonomous control; industry 4.0; cyber-physical systems; internet of objects.