Proceedings of the 2nd International Academic Conference on Humanities and Social Science
Language Changes Of Indonesian Conjunctions On Literary Of 1844, 1922 And 2005
This paper reports on a study that investigates the use of Indonesian conjunctions as hope/purpose marker in the sentences, i.e., agar, biar and supaya. It examines how the conjunctions used century by century and the syntactic pattern occurred after conjunctions are analysed. It used reanalysis method on the sub clause to find out syntactic pattern constructed. Data were taken from three century of literary, such as: 18th, 19th and 20th literary. Then, it also used http://mcp.anu.edu.au/ to get the occurrence frequencies of the three conjunctions on 18th and 19th century literary; and AntConc software for 20th literary. The results showed that: 1) based on the data, conjunction agar is not found in 18th century literature but it is mostly used as marker of hope/purpose in 20th literary. It is contrast with conjunction supaya where conjunction supaya is mostly used in 18th and 19th literary, but it is very rarely used in in 20th literacy. 2) The conjunction biar gets extended function in 19th and 20th century, it not only shows hope/purpose but also shows contradictive things or ability to something. 3) The three conjunctions agar, biar and supaya also get change on syntactic pattern in the sub clause, especially the structure of subject and predicate; and constructing complete or incomplete clause.
Keywords: conjunctions, Indonesian, language change, syntactic pattern.