Proceedings of The 15th International Conference on Modern Research in Management, Economics and Accounting
A Conceptual Framework of The Impact of Arabic Spring on Efficiency, Intellectual Capital, and Corporate Governance of Islamic Banks
Ayat Nader Yousef Abdalghani, Rafidah Binti Othman, and Siti Zaleha Abdul Rasid, Mohammad Alsharif
This is a concept paper for a future study based on the literature on risk management, intellectual capital, corporate governance, and efficiency measurement of banks in Arab countries. The importance of efficiency research in the banking sector has increased over the years as all banks strive to be efficient by minimizing inputs such as costs and maximizing outputs such as profit. The aim of this study is to compare banking efficiency between conventional and Islamic banks in several Arab countries (Tunisia, Jordan, Egypt, and Lebanon) that experienced both economic and political downturns during the Arab Spring. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is used to study bank efficiency. Analysis DEA can help banks become more efficient while maximizing their knowledge benefits. Future studies could provide advice to banks on how to increase their efficiency. In addition, the empirical results of this study will contribute to the existing literature on bank efficiency in Arab countries.
keywords:banking efficiency; Islamic banks; conventional banks; risk management; intellectual capital; corporate governance