Proceedings of The 14th International Conference on Humanities, Psychology and Social Sciences
School bullying prevention programs through New Technologies: towards a new paradigm
Patricia Flor-Arasil, Marta Corral-Martínez, Desirée Sánchez Chiva, Sandra GómezMartínez, Begoña Iranzo-Ejarque
Bullying is a growing problem that affects the mental health of young people, sooner in age as time passes by (Ahmed et al., 2022; Dorol & Mishara, 2021; Fuentes et al., 2021). Over the years, programs have been designed and implemented for the prevention and intervention of this problem. However, it is necessary to consider the intervening factors and their effectiveness in order to propose measures to reduce peer aggression and victimization in a new paradigm (Guzman-Holst et al., 2022).
The objective of this study is to carry out a review of the different existing programs from 1983 to 2022 to identify the most successful ones, focusing on those that have been adapted to the virtual environment. A bibliographic search was carried out using the Web of Science, Dialnet, Proquest and Scopus databases with terms “Bullying” “Cyberbullying” “Anti-bullying” “Prevention program” “Intervention program”. The review shows a great need in consistency and design of the interventions; on the other hand, positive results were observed with a decrease in aggressive behaviours and victimization. Despite the heterogeneity of the results, research shows the need to improve the prevention of school violence and prioritize the sustainability of long-term programs to prevent future emotional problems (Gafney et al., 2021).
keywords: bullying, prevention, intervention programs, virtual environment.