Proceedings of The 13th International Conference on Humanities, Psychology and Social Sciences
Parenting Style vis-a-vis Aggression and Academic Achievement: The Mediating Role of Self – Efficacy
Jonna Karla C. Bien, PhD, RN
Parenting style plays a vital role in the upbringing of the individual. Through this, the behavior of children is highly influenced on how they were raised at home. Thus, affecting the academic behavior and aggression state of the student. The study was undertaken to determine the relationship between parenting style, aggression, academic achievement and the mediating role of self-efficacy. It was hypothesized that there is no significant relationship between parenting style and academic achievement, parenting style and aggression, and parenting style and self-efficacy. 665 third year college students from a state university in Manila were the respondents of the study. Stratified sampling technique was utilized and standardized questionnaires were employed – Parental Authority Questionnaire, Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale, and Aggression Questionnaire. Academic achievement was represented by the General Weighted Average (GWA) of the students. Frequency and Percentage Distribution was used to present the respondent’s academic achievement, mean score was used to present the parenting style, self-efficacy and aggression. Pearson’s R Coefficient correlation was utilized to determine the relationship between parenting style with academic achievement and aggression; Multiple Linear Regression Analysis and Sobel test were utilized to determine if self-efficacy significantly mediate between parenting style and academic achievement, as well as aggression. Results presented that there is a significant relationship between parenting style and academic achievement, aggression, and self-efficacy. However, self-efficacy is not significantly mediating between parenting style and aggression, and parenting style and academic achievement.
keywords: Parenting style, Academic achievement, Aggression, Self-efficacy.