Proceedings of The 10th International Conference on Research in Engineering, Science and Technology
Current Status of Dairy Cattle Breeding And Understanding of the Technical Operating Logic of Farms in the Saharan Regions of Algeria
Hocine Bensaha, Rafik Arbouche, Yasmine Arbouche, Achour Mennani, Lahcen Bensaha and Doubangolo Coulibaly
The objective of this study was to evaluate the balance of the milk sector over the last three decades. Based on an analysis of the diversity and dynamics of livestock systems, in their past and current context, it raises the problem of the development of cattle farming. The analysis then going back upstream of this sector presents the current situation of the dairy cattle in the Saharan regions and its geographical distribution, then the production and the local milk availability in the various communes. Current dynamics reflect a real livestock revolution in the Saharan regions, recognized as the main regional dairy basin. Indeed, according to Direction of Agricultural Services (DAS) in the Ghardaia wilaya (2019) between 1 995 and 2018, the number of imported dairy cattle increased from 177 dairy cows to 4 189 dairy cows, owned by the private sector. The production of 28 560 liters of milk of which 11 800 liters is collected daily by the dairies and collection center. The purpose of this institution was to respond to the concerns of stakeholders in the sector: How to improve herd reproduction? How to solve the problem of the forage deficit? The finding has shown that despite thirty years of support measures, very expensive at the state coffers, the livestock sector has still not passed the embryonic stage and remains far from achieving the goal that it is assigned, in this case self-sufficiency. Algeria sees oil resources dwindle as world price of milk and dairy products rise.
Keywords: Agricultural development, Dairy cattle, Ghardaïa, Milk Production, Saharan area.